Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Biography | Hello friends, in today’s post we will know a brief about Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, one of the leading personalities of Bengali literature and considered as the father of prose literature.
Bengali Biography Many great men were born in Bangladesh in the nineteenth century. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was one of them, his contribution to Bangladeshi education and social reform was outstanding.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s life began
Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was born on 26 September 1820 in the village of Bir Singh in the Midnapore district of West Bengal. Father’s name is Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay. Mother Bhagwati Devi was a possessor of modern thought even in that superstitious age.
Their family had a reputation for scholarship. But the financial situation was not good at all from that previous period. Due to financial difficulties, his father Thakurdas eventually had to leave Birsingh village and go to Calcutta to earn money.
There he was hired to write a book for a nominal salary. Over time, Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay was able to establish himself in the society with his devotion, honesty, perseverance, and independent attitude.
Later, Ishwar Chandra was also fully developed. Although Kachu was a man in poverty, Ishwar Chandra’s mind was infinite and he never neglected to study and discipline in the village primary school.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Educational life
He was a very talented student in his childhood. Ishwar Chandra has a story about how talented he was. He went to Calcutta with his father once when he was very young. On the way, he learned English arithmetic by counting numbers in milestones.
He came to Calcutta on foot with his father from his village home when he was eight years old. Ishwar Chandra lived with his dad at Bhagwat Singh’s home in the enormous market region of Kolkata.
And Shivcharan studied for one year in Mallick’s home school. Then on 1 June 1829, he was admitted to the Government Sanskrit College in Calcutta. By studying with utmost devotion, he excelled in school examinations and received a scholarship of Rs. 15 per month.
The story of his passion for his studies has become a legend. He used to study under the gas lamp standing on the side of the road as he could not turn on the light in the house due to a lack of oil. He used to make reading every day by standing on the side of the road like this till late at night.
He had to study in school. After finishing grammar class in Sanskrit college, Ishwar Chandra started studying English class. He completed his literary classes from 1833 to 1835. In his literature class, he was educated by Gopal Tarkalankar, an accomplished teacher.
In the annual examination of Sanskrit College, he again won the first place. In 1835 Vidyasagar was admitted to the ornament class. He studied for one year and was the first to get a lot of fame and awards in the final exams.
After that, he was admitted to Vedanta class and he also showed his achievement in that class. He was then admitted to the third class and he showed remarkable success. After studying at the Sanskrit College for 12 consecutive years, Baron memorized Kavya Alangkar Vedanta and acquired knowledge of astrology.
Gaining the title of Vidyasagar
He passed the examination of the Vidyasagar Hindu Law Committee in 1839 and the title of Vidyasagar was used before his name in the testimonial. The title “Vidyasagar” was only appropriate for him. Vidyasagar Sea of Knowledge Appropriate Medicine for Sea Cooperation of Progressivity When Vidyasagar left Sanskrit College, he was 21 years old.
Vidyasagar married in 1835 at the age of 15. At that time, of course, everyone had a custom of getting married at a young age. There was no question of being a self-reliant adult. At that time Vidyasagar’s wife’s name was Deenmoyee Devi.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Career
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar started his career on 21st December 1841 at the age of 21. At that time he took charge of the Bangla department at Fort William College.
He was also the school inspector. It was not possible for Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar to attain such an important position at such a young age. That was made possible by the earnest interest and special recommendation of Secretary Sweet Marshall.
After teaching for five years at Vidyasagar William College, he joined Sanskrit College in 1848 as an assistant. At that time he was the secretary of the college. After taking the job, he took the responsibility of the whole family on his shoulders.
As his father retired from his job, he sent him to his village home. Then he brought his younger brother to Calcutta to study. Apart from his own relatives, many students used to study from his residence.
At the same time, he continues to improve in the workplace by showing his intelligence and erudition. He held the post of Assistant Professor of Culture at Sanskrit College.
In 1848 Vidyasagar submitted to the authorities a valuable report on the provision of improvement in the education system. He resigned from Sanskrit College due to his disagreement with the secretary.
He returned to Fort William College on 16 July 1848. The Sanskrit College authorities realized their mistake in a few days and they came and requested Ishwar Chandra to go back to Sanskrit College.
It was stipulated that the reform of the education system of the Sanskrit College and the restructuring of the college would be given free rein. As a result, in December 1850, he became the Professor of Literary Sanskrit in the College.
In 1851 he was appointed as the newly created principal. He then carried out extensive reforms in the education system of Sanskrit colleges, making English education compulsory. It was during his tenure that his literary career began.
He has a remarkable record in literature. Even after retiring from his job, he concentrated on his literary pursuits. While performing his duties as a professor, he felt the lack of high-quality textbooks in Bengal.
During this time he wrote many Bengali prose books and found Bengali prose style in his hands. This is why you are called the father of Bengali prose. Poet Rabindranath Tagore called Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar the father of Bengali prose.
Vidyasagar interpreted numerous books from Sanskrit, Hindi, and English into Bengali. Among his translated books are Sita’s Barnabas, Bharti Bilas Betal 25, and Kathamala’s story.
Apart from these, the first part and the second part of his Varnaparichaya and when Manjuri Granthkhani are still considered as essential for the origin of the Bengali language. His Bodhodaya is considered unique in contemporary Bengali literature for teaching in Sanskrit colleges.
He composed the Bengali prose Shakuntala based on the Shakuntala poem written by the poet Kalidasa. Bharti Bilas also wrote a play based on Shakespeare’s Comedy of Errors and Sita Banbas based on a story from the Ramayana.
However, the birth of literature for centuries is not acceptable to Bengali speakers. He is an adventurous social reformer and this is why he will always be remembered by everyone in Hindu society.
Literary works and problems, as well as the spread of education and its endless contribution to the reform of Sanskrit education, laid the foundation of Bengali education and the decline and expansion of women’s education then established many school colleges to spread education.
In 1949, with the help of a few rich and illiterate natives of the country and at the initiative of Saheb, the spread of women’s education began in Calcutta. Under the patronage of Mr. Chhota Lat, he established many girls’ schools in Hugli, Burdwan, Medinipur, and Nana in Nadia district.
Vidyasagar established scholarship model schools and thirty-five girls’ schools to spread education. Vidyasagar used to respect you like a goddess. He patiently set up the village charitable medical schools according to his mother’s wishes to fulfill his mother’s wishes.
Vidyasagar’s story of motherly devotion is well known as a legend. After receiving a letter of marriage from his younger brother, the mother asked for leave from the principal of Fort William College. He expressed his desire to quit his job if he did not want to leave.
As it was impossible to disobey the mother’s order, she left for home at night.
When he reached home after swimming in the river, his mother, Vidyasagar, voluntarily retired from the post of principal of Sanskrit College and other government posts on 3 November 1857 with a monthly salary of Rs. 500 due to disagreement with the authorities.
Vidyasagar joined the Tattvabodhini Sabha in 1857. In 1859 he assumed an exceptional job in the foundation of the Calcutta Training School.
1864 This institution was named the Secretary of the Hindu Metropolitan Institution. It was converted into a second class college in 1872 and a first-class college in 1879. At present this name is Vidyasagar College.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was the next grief-stricken epic poet Michael Madhusudan Dutt he helped with a lot of money at different times. Poet Nabin Chandra Sen studied Vidyasagar in his youth. Vidyasagar loved to live a simple life. His only attire was to wear a simple dress, a sheet, and slippers.
Among the notable farms of Vidyasagar, the social reformers, especially the notable ones, present scriptural evidence in favor of widow marriage. In January 1885, he presented the Scriptural evidence in favor of widowhood and wrote a pamphlet on whether widowhood should be practiced.
In Hindu conservative society, widows became fiercely opposed to marriage. In October 1855, he published a book of the same title in response to the opposition’s mischievous remarks.
On 4 October 1855, he submitted an application to the British Government of India for the passage of the Widow Marriage Act. He also attached a draft of the Widow Marriage Act to the petition.
On 16 November 1857, an opposition petition was also submitted to the government by the opposition led by Raja Radhakanta Dev. The draft was presented to the Government of India Council on 16 November 1855.
The drafting law of the Kartik Widow Marriage Act was adopted by the managing meeting of many jurisprudences. It became law on 26 July 1857 with the consent of the Governor-General. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was one of the founding members of Calcutta University.
She formed the Gratuity Fund of the Hindu Family to help poor women with service assistance. He has always fought against the bigotry of superstitious orthodoxy. The Bengali nation was the first to find an example of being modern, progressive, and cosmopolitan.
Vidyasagar says about Rabindranath Tagore that he was neither a Hindu nor a Bengali Brahmin nor a human being. The significance of this comment is profound because it is not so easy to be a real person.
Dr. Sukumar Sen says that before Vidyasagar, there was no charge for Bengali prose. About Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Mahatma Gandhi said that the poor Bengali Brahmin I do is in recognition of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar and his diverse career.
Vidyasagar was elected a member of the Royal Asiatic Society of England in 1864 AD. In 1880 AD, the Government of India conferred on him the title of CIP. Due to hard work, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s health gradually deteriorated.
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar’s Last life
In his last life, he was fascinated by the unpretentious lifestyle of the Santals who lived in Bihar. Seeing their condition established a school for them.
This great Vidyasagar passed away on 29th July 1891 at the age of 61 years. He introduced widow marriage in Bengali Hindu society. He has created an extraordinary history of social reform.
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