Robert Clive Biography
Hello friends, in today’s post we will learn about Robert Clive or Lord Clive who played a key role in establishing English rules in the Indian subcontinent. With the victory of the battle of Palashi in 1757, he established British rule in Bengal. He was born on 29 September 1825 in the same middle-class zamindar family of the island. Her father is Recharge and her mother is Rebecca Clive.
Robert Clive Early life
He was not a good student at school as a child. At the age of 18, he joined the East India Company in Madras and spent time there. He was once captured by the French in 1843 and later escaped in the guise of a local. Arriving at Sand Castle in Pondicherry, they had it when the English were retreating in the war against the French.
Robert Clive later left the company and joined the Madras Army in 1848 as the lowest commissioned officer. According to Malcolm, he was an unruly officer but it was not difficult for the club at that time despite being prominent in advancing due to the combination of the sun with the unruly.
As a lieutenant, he once led a campaign against a Maratha leader and killed Goddess Durga in a state of grave danger.
No other expedition bears witness to his character, and he was given a heroic reception in early 1853 for his continued conquest of the South. He was honored for his success and was presented with a jeweled sword at the banquet, dubbed General Flight. Clive resigned from the army in the hope of becoming a public leader.
But failing to win a seat in Parliament, Clive squandered his wealth in a very short time as a result of numerous setbacks in social and political life. Disillusioned with life, he returned to Madras in search of fortune. In 1855, he was appointed a lieutenant colonel by the British government.
He came at a time when the French had formed a subordinate alliance with a Nizami and spread their dominance in South India. According to the treaty, the Nizam ceded to them a district between the mouths of the Puri and Krishna rivers in Orissa to support the French army. To educate himself, Clive was given the responsibility of the army to attack and set up.
The time of this attack was in February 1757 when the news of the fall of Calcutta at the hands of Nawab Sirajuddaula reached Madrasi. While the people of the company were busy celebrating the occasion of the military and diplomatic victory achieved by the club. News All the English merchants and citizens expelled from Calcutta and other Englishmen have taken refuge in their homes in Calcutta, and they are dying of fever and lack of clean water and food.
At this dangerous time, the Madras authorities considered Clive to be the most qualified BT to conduct the rescue operation. An army led by Clive set sail from Madras on 16 October 1956 and was led by an auxiliary navy in December. As a result of a joint expedition by Admiral Watson, Calcutta was easily recaptured on 2 January 1757 and a favorable peace treaty was concluded with Sirajuddaula.
And this agreement was known as Alinagar Ki on February 9, 1857. The Select Committee at Fort William, Calcutta, ceased to exist. This time the committee was reconstituted and Robert Clive became Governor. In fact, he could not accept such a memorable other civilian and military officials who nominated themselves for the post.
He was not willing to accept him as governor because he was only an outsider in terms of trade and commerce. Many more than them, Kris had been working for the company since 1837 and was its governor until the settlement of Calcutta was taken over by Sirajuddaula.
Similarly, he had been employed by the company since 1842 and was studying drugs as a senior merchant and officer. He was a senior in the club according to his position, admission rank and seniority in the job. All of this was expected to happen, however, due to a military threat from the club and a subsequent order from the Madras authorities in favor of Clive, which ended the dispute as governor.
After confirming his position, the club’s next step was to expel the French from Bengal and pave the way for the Battle of Plassey. The hostile Nawab Sirajuddaula was deposed. It was argued that he had explained the river plan to a loyal and hereditary person. That a controlled revolution in the power structure of Bengal would benefit the English nation in commercial and political terms.
Without waiting for an answer, he occupied the French colony of Chandannagar in March 1757. After expelling the French, he proceeded to overthrow the last and greatest enemy, Nawab Sirajuddaula. He soon realized that there was a conspiracy going on in the court against the Prophet and that he was the leader of this conspiracy, and he used his surroundings to execute an agreement between the Fort William Council and the disgruntled bureaucrats of the court.
War with Siraj Ud Daulah
The agreement executed in 1757 was to elect its chief general Zafar Ali Khan as the leader of the contribution. According to the conspiracy plan, the so-called battle of Palashi was fought. On 23 June 1757, Sirajuddaula was completely defeated in the historic battle of Palashi, and later Mir Jafar’s son was killed.
Evaluating these two events to replace Sirajuddaula, he wrote to the Code of Directors at the end of the Battle of Plassey – the greatest achievement of the life of the French who had been defeated and expelled from Bengal was probably his view of the outcome of the Seven Years’ War.
Plassey saw the victory of the war as just a change of prophet but Clive realized that in fact, he had laid the foundation of an empire. The series in South India made him famous but not wealthy. But in Bengal, he gained considerable wealth with fame. After the battle of Palashi, due to his participation in Murshidabad, he had to face a committee of inquiry in Parliament.
The amount of Mir Jafar’s personal gift was incredibly large and he also got huge jagir from Mir Jafar. The amount of business loan money he received as governor was significant. According to his biographer, he retired in 180 and reached London as the greatest of all the prophets who returned from Bengal before and after him.
Robert Clive Death
In 1982 he was awarded the title of Palashi and was promoted to the Irish aristocracy. He was also knighted in 1984. These were the titles bestowed on him by a group of eminent persons of the Tuluk kingdom, such as the owner of a brave land on the battlefield. His personal life was very arbitrary and in the first life, there is a tendency to commit suicide. Exciting events, greetings, and glorious songs filled his Indian life.
But after his last return to London, when his life became relatively lonely, the problem resurfaced, and he eventually fell victim to it. He shot himself on November 22, 1984.
In conclusion, we present to you “ Robert Clive Biography ”. We hope you like this post, and if you like it, share it with your friends and if you have any questions about this post, you can ask through our comment box.